Data Talks
Japan’s Global Health
Contribution

VISION

Making the world healthier
for socioeconomic growth.

Japan Tracker is the first data platform in Japan to “visualize” the flow of resources in the health sector of international development, including Japan’s Official Development Assistance (ODA). By visualizing for an intuitive understanding of the primary data on Japan’s contributions, which were often hard to decipher until now, Japan Tracker will offer a chance to examine and reflect on the ideal global contribution to be made by Japan.

Although some attention was paid every now and then, the ideal state of global contribution by donor countries, including that in the field of global health, has not been discussed thoroughly. From the data we analyzed and published, it has, however, become evident that providing development assistance for health and ensuring health for all people across the globe are extremely effective means for both developing and developed countries, including Japan.

Ensuring health for all people in any nation will translate to securing of healthy workers and an increase in national productivity. For instance, every dollar invested in health programs such as infectious disease control and maternal child health will yield in a 9 to 20-dollar economic return1. Every dollar invested in childhood vaccines will yield in a maximum 44-dollar economic return2. Furthermore, development assistance for health is known to be an important means to achieve social stability and world peace. Such socioeconomic investment will build a strong bond and trust between the donor and recipient countries, promoting economic and cultural exchange between the two. It will also come back as economic growth to the donor country in forms of tourism and export businesses.

Japan Tracker visualizes the contribution Japan has made over the years through its development assistance for health to the global community. In addition, it will provide hints for Japan to further enhance its presence and contribution to the world.

Health for all people across the globe,
that is the assistance Japan should provide to
the world today.

1. Jamison DT, Summers LH, Alleyne G et al. Global health 2035: A world converging within a generation. The Lancet, 2013; 382(9908): 1898–955.
2. Ozawa S, Mirelman A, Stack ML, Walker DG, Levine OS. Cost-effectiveness and economic benefits of vaccines in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review. Vaccine, 2012; 31(1): 96–108.

RESULT

7.1USD

The amount of Japan’s ODA for health,
disbursed per capita

When calculated to disbursement per capita, Japan’s ODA Health in 2016 is 7.1 USD (775 JPY) per year. Amongst the G7 countries, the UK disburses 37.2 USD (4,049 JPY) per capita followed by the US with 30.5 USD (3,313 JPY) per capita. (exchange rate of 1USD = 108.8 JPY, 2016).

Source: OECD. Creditor Reporting System; OECD. DAC members’ imputed multilateral contributions to the health sector, secretariat estimations; UNFPA. The State of World Population 2016. 2016.

5.4%

Proportion for Health
within the overall ODA of Japan

The proportion of health-related disbursement for the year 2016 (900 million USD; 97.91 billion JPY) out of Japan’s overall ODA (16.81 billion USD; 1.82 trillion JPY) was 5.4%. (exchange rate of 1USD = 108.8 JPY, 2016).

Source: OECD. Creditor Reporting System; OECD. DAC members’ imputed multilateral contributions to the health sector, secretariat estimations.

6,109volunteers

Japanese youth working on
global health issues

With the Japanese ODA budget, a total of 6,109 volunteers were dispatched to 84 countries to work on health-related issues as JOCV (as of September 2018). These volunteers were nurses, midwives, occupational therapists, nutritionists, as well as experts on infectious disease control and school health.

Source: JICA. Records of Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers dispatched [in Japanese].

Learn more here [In Japanese]

7.5million doses

Vaccine production made possible
in Vietnam with the support of Japan

Vietnam once relied solely on importation for measles vaccines, and faced fears of stock-out. But by 2009 with the Japanese cooperation, Vietnam was able to locally produce 7.5 million doses of vaccines annually. In February 2018, the local production of a combined measles rubella vaccine was made possible. This is currently used under the national program.

Source: JICA. Vietnam: with a local production of Measles Rubella Vaccines now made possible, prevention of a mass-outbreak using domestically produced vaccines [In Japanese]. 2016.

Learn more here [In Japanese]

89%

The proportion of births attended
by professional medical staff in Cambodia

For over 20 years, Japan has been working with Cambodia to develop human resource capacity for maternal and child health, especially for improving technical skills and qualifications of midwives. While the national rate of births delivered by midwives and other skilled birth attendants were merely 32% in 2000, it improved to 89% by 2014. This contributed to the achievement of the global agendas (e.g. Millennium Development Goals) of reducing maternal deaths.

Source: National Institute of Statistics, Directorate General for Health, and ICF International. 2014 Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey Key Findings. 2015.

27million people

The number of lives saved from
the three major infectious diseases

The Global Fund, for which Japan is the major donor country, has saved 27 million lives from HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria from its creation in 2002 up until 2017. The Global Fund is a multilateral organization established under the initiative of Japan, triggered by the G8 Kyushu-Okinawa Summit in 2000.

Source: The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. The Global Fund Results Report 2018. 2018.
※Image provided by NCGM

TRACK

ABOUT

Background behind the website production
and the partnership involved

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) was founded by its co-chairs, Bill and Melinda Gates. It is the largest philanthropic foundation in the world. The foundation provides assistance to improve the health status of people living in developing countries and to lift them out of extreme poverty. It also has other activities with the aim to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Recently, BMGF has established presence in Tokyo and is building strong ties with the Japanese government and related agencies in the areas of global health and other areas of international assistance. In the process of BMGF consulting relevant ministries including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for their cooperation, the development of this website came to be about. In 2018, the Institute of Global Health Policy Research (iGHP) of the National Center for Global Health (NCGM) was selected as the implementer of the project, where iGHP was put in charge of the data analysis.

Institute of Global Health Policy Research
Bureau of International Health Cooperation
National Center for Global Health and Medicine

With the aim of bridging the findings from one of the healthiest nation to the world, iGHP was founded in October 2016 as a branch institution of the Bureau of International Health Cooperation within NCGM.

iGHP’s host organization, NCGM, dispatches experts to international agencies and developing countries, develops the capacities of health care personnel at home and abroad, and conducts relevant researches as a leading global health organization representing Japan. Deriving from the history of NCGM, iGHP aims to become a leader in the field of global health with the mission of delivering innovative health policy from Japan to the world. iGHP is working on policy research on global health issues, policy advocacy for Japan and the world, and nurturing the next generation of global health leaders.

iGHP

In cooperation with MOFA, JICA and other related ministries and agencies, this website was created using analysis conducted by BGMF and iGHP. This website will be updated periodically.

  • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation